The answer is both.
The diagnostic performance of deep learning models is impressive.
However, we must acknowledge AI and the more advanced ML in healthcare are tools. The correct term is Augmented Intelligence (AugI).
AugI in medicine is an approach focusing on AI’s assistive role, emphasizing the fact that technology is designed to enhance human intelligence not replace it.
The aforementioned is illustrated in an excellent 09/25/19 review article in The Lancet: “A comparison of deep learning performance against health-care professionals in detecting diseases from medical imaging: a systematic review and meta-analysis”
“Our review found the diagnostic performance of deep learning models to be equivalent to that of healthcare professionals,” write Livia Faes, MD, of Cantonal Hospital Lucerne in Switzerland, and colleagues.
Diagnosis of disease using deep-learning algorithms “holds enormous potential,” they conclude. “From this exploratory meta-analysis, we cautiously state that the accuracy of deep-learning algorithms is equivalent to healthcare professionals while acknowledging that more studies considering the integration of such algorithms in real-world settings are needed.”
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